Sunday, February 23, 2020
Litigation public relations - Essay Example One should remember that litigations against companies are only brought about when there is a strong suspicion of wrong-doing, and the litigation is raised usually by competing companies or the general public. While lawyers can argue that every company has the right to defend itse is lf, PR managers on the other hand usually act out of loyalty as well as their own investments in the company. In this sense, one can see that ethics are not the primary motivation for LPR exercises. As opposed to publishing and reporting the truth as it exists, LPR efforts attempt to color this truth and make it favorable to the company's cause. This might ultimately prove beneficial to the company by reducing negative publicity and consequently not affecting its bottom line, but the general public and the broader industry might suffer due to the misinformation being generated. To be fair to the defendants, one has to concede that media coverage generally tends to be hostile to them. For example, most la w-suits are covered from the viewpoint of the plaintiff or the prosecutor and their case gets presented in greater detail. There is a slight negative bias toward the defendant, for they are deemed as wrong-doers until proven otherwise.
Thursday, February 6, 2020
Keynesian Liquidity Preference Framework - Essay Example Apart from this optimistic approach there will be some negative characteristics of high money supply like, it will hike the inflation rate up to an optimal level (Fontana 31). Let's say the treasury printed so much in Federal Reserve Bank (FED) which made every American a millionaire, after the retirement of everyone, there would be no more workers or servants left to do the biddings which urges the industries to attract people by raising their wages. This of course is the essence of inflation; so persistency in spending the money would be required to overcome the circumstances which may arise due to higher money supply and we can say that it's a best cure of recession. A recession will change in depression if a "Liquidity Gap" occurs in it. A liquidity gap is when people hoard money and refuse to spend, no matter how much the government tries to expand the money supply. There are ample reasons why people hesitate to invest the money; it can be a consumer loss of confidence on the ec onomy probably due to stock market crash or the law and order situation in the country, natural disaster like earthquake or hurricane are also the major cause which abate the spending of the money in the country, although saving is a good thing but it is not viable if spending and investment are not on an adequate level. You know "Wars are good for economy" (it must astonish you) almost all the economist agree that World War II cured the great depression because the U.S finally began massive spending on defense. Social Programs are much more preferable over the ways to avoid depression. The success of Keynesian economics can be evaluated by having a glance over the recession periods. In U.S, before the World War II, eight recessions worsened into depression which happened in (1807, 1837, 1882, 1893, 1920, 1933 and 1937) and since world war II there have been nine recessions under Keynesian policies happened in (1945-46, 1949, 1954, 1956, 1960-61, 1970, 1973-75, 1980-83, 1990-92) and not a single recession turned into a depression. Richard Nixon who was the 37th president of the United States (1969-1974) once declared that "We are Keynesians now" shows the importance of Keynesian Liquidity Preference Theory. As mentioned earlier savings is a must for the economy. According to Keynes saving is equal to investment; means every dollar which is saved is ultimately utilized as an investment in the economy (Keynes 150). Now the concept of money supply and price level effect comes into place; if the economy reaches on an optimal level then people become less interested to invest and under this influence price level increases because the income level also increases. In liquidity preference framework, Keynes (211) states that the money demand can be equated with the term Marginal Efficiency Unit (MEU). Keynes further apprises that nothing will induce the people to invest money if they are on a consensus that the economy is on its peak point from where the prices of the commodities begin to rise and result in increasing the inflation rate up to a vulnerable position (Handa, 511). The industry which badly gets hurt from this jeopardous situation is the banking industry because
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Electromagnetic spectrum Essay Many of the well-known scientists explore several types of waves and gave their theories, statements, and practical applications in this field. These waves are composed in a manner so one can measure their wavelength and frequency as well. These types of wavelength are declared as Ã¢â¬Å"Low notesÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"High notesÃ¢â¬ . Low notes have a low frequency and a long wavelength; where as High notes have high frequency and a shorter wavelength. These electromagnetic waves are result of electrically charged particles, such waves are also declared as Ã¢â¬Å"Electromagnetic RadiationÃ¢â¬ , as they radiate initially from the electrically charged particles. These waves can easily pass through any empty space, air and other more substances as well. According to research it was explored by many of the scientist that these radiations has fundamentally a Ã¢â¬Å"Dual PersonalityÃ¢â¬ as it behaves as waves and stream of particles which are known as Ã¢â¬Å"photons Ã¢â¬Å"as well. In addition the photons have no group as well as they have very short wavelength too. (Alvino, G, 75) SECTIONS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM: Fundamentally electromagnetic spectrum covers a wide range of wavelength and photon energies as well. The spectrum is usually segmented into seven sections, which are declared as X-ray, Infrared, and Ultraviolet, Microwave, Visible, Gamma ray radiation and Radio waves. INFRARED RAYS: Fundamentally this particular termÃ¢â¬ InfraredÃ¢â¬ covers a wide range of frequency. The wavelength range initiates from about 1 millimeter down to 750 nm. Those rays, which are approximately adjacent to visible spectrum, are called Ã¢â¬Å"Near infraredÃ¢â¬ and those who have longer wavelength section are declared as Ã¢â¬Å"Far infraredÃ¢â¬ . These rays are widely utilized in exploring vibration spectra of molecules. In connections with matter, infrared mainly acts to place molecules into pulsation. These rays doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have good impact on atmosphere as it never penetrate atmosphere but still infrared are utilize to initially acts to set molecules into vibration. VISIBLE LIGHT:- This is fundamentally the narrow visible section of electromagnetic spectrum. This thin section keeps up a correspondence to the wavelengths closer to the maximum of the Suns radiation curve. Visible light is mainly utilized in elevating electrons to higher energy levels. In this particular case white light can be parted into its spectral colors by dispersion in a prism. ULTRAVIOLET RAYS: Ultraviolet rays are approximately below the region where visible light is explored and this was proofed by many of the well-known scientist by their statements and their theories as well. In addition these rays cause harm as it has shorter wavelength that can reach the ionization energy for many molecules, so this outcome in hazards to other ionizing radiations as well. While welding, protective eye shields must be utilized because this ultraviolet substance of welding arcs can inflame once eyes. X-RAYS: When high-energy electrons struck a metal target then these rays start penetrating, they are highly penetrating rays. According to research it was explored that just after the discovery of x-rays they are started being used in medical to image broken bones. Fundamentally when these rays have interaction with matter they ionize radiations and generate physiological possessions, which are basically never observed with any exposure of non-ionizing radiation, such as the risk of mutations or cancer in tissue. GAMMA RAYS: Gamma rays are generally utilized to denote electromagnetic radiation from the center as a part of a radioactive process. Fundamentally their nuclear energy is extremely high as such radiations are initiated in the electromagnetic radiation from the nucleus as a part or as a result of radioactive procedures. X-rays and Gamma rays are quite identical as they both are electromagnetic rays, these are simply some declaration regarding source rather than implying different kinds of radiation. (Alvino, G, 75-79) Below is the table, which will provide you better understanding and clear the entire conceptions as well. Wavelengths, frequencies, and energies for selected regions of the electromagnetic spectrum are mentioned in this, which was fundamentally result of several researches.
Monday, January 20, 2020
As I thought of this article, many of the issues I have faced as a single Hmong woman in her mid-twenties came to mind. Should I discuss the functional reasons why marriage is so important in the Hmong culture, especially for women? Or do I talk about the lack of eligible, older Hmong men? Better yet, should I complain about the attempts by my relatives to find me a good husband as if it were an unfortunate circumstance that I was single instead of a conscious choice? Thinking it over, though, I decided that all those questions boiled down to one fundamental truth Ã¢â¬â the Hmong community is still trying to learn how to treat the increasing number of Hmong women who, like me, are making the choice to stay single in their mid-twenties. Today, single Hmong women in their mid-twenties are living on their own, sometimes in different cities, earning their own income, and making decisions independent of both their parents and clans. However, in a community where marriage defines the moment an individual becomes an adult, these successes still have not allowed them to be treated or perceived as adults by the family and clan. Furthermore, in a culture where a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s role continues to be defined by the dominant male in her life Ã¢â¬â either her father or her husband Ã¢â¬â the independence of Hmong women in their mid-twenties has led to a displacement of traditional roles. My sister coined the term Ã¢â¬Å"Christmas Tree AgeÃ¢â¬ when someone told her that in order to be able to find a good husband, a Hmong woman needed to be no older than twenty-five years old. Just like a Christmas Tree which is discarded after the 25th of December, the Hmong community seems to disregard women older than twenty-five as in-eligible marriage material. At twenty-five years of age, IÃ¢â¬â¢ve attained many of the goals I set for myself as a young girl, starting a successful career in Corporate America, gaining financial freedom and traveling the globe. Yet, to many of my relatives, it seems my life is still lacking the most critical ingredient Ã¢â¬â a husband. While in college, my single status seemed more acceptable. However, as I have continued to focus on my career instead of a husband and as I have reached the magic twenty-five, the choice to remain single has become an increasing concern for my family.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Transformations often involve familiar themes but reflect those themes in a different context in order to resonate the values and interests of that society. Thus, context dictates form and meaning as well as the values inherent in the texts. Amy HeckerlingÃ¢â¬â¢s, 20th century American film, Clueless is a transformation of Jane AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s conservative Regency England, Emma. The use of different techniques and medium allow EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s themes of personal growth, social structure and the role of women in society to be conveyed in a more appropriate form in Clueless.The main characters, Emma and Cher are representational products of their society and parallels can be drawn in the opening scenes, particularly in relation to self-knowledge. The Bildungsroman progression from delusion to social awareness is a universal value in both texts despite their differing contexts. Emma is introduced as Ã¢â¬Å"handsome, clever, and richÃ¢â¬ who had Ã¢â¬Å"a disposition to think a little t oo well of herself. Ã¢â¬ AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s satirical tone as the omniscient narrator alerts the responder to EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s inability to understand her position in society. Furthermore, while Emma successfully matches Mr. Weston and Ms.Taylor, her motives are superficial as she sees it as Ã¢â¬Å"the greatest amusement in the world! Ã¢â¬ She also believes HarrietÃ¢â¬â¢s beauty Ã¢â¬Å"should not be wasted on the inferior societyÃ¢â¬ , and it would be Ã¢â¬Å"interesting and highly becomingÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Å"improve herÃ¢â¬ . Austen employs verbal irony through EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s dialogue, which exposes her flaws of arrogance and shallowness. However, Emma eventually develops self awareness as shown when she realizes her mistake of matching Harriet with Mr. Elton and influencing her to refuse a suitable marriage with Mr. Martin. There is a similar character development in Cher despite the difference in context.Heckerling implements voice overs to create an immediate sense of irony wh en CherÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"way normal life for a teenage girlÃ¢â¬ is juxtaposed with a dolly-tracking shot of her choosing outfits from a computer operated wardrobe in a grand bedroom. In doing so, Heckerling continues AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s satirical mode by highlighting CherÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of social awareness. This is further reinforced through her dialogue, Ã¢â¬Å"I have directionÃ¢â¬ ¦towards the mallÃ¢â¬ and DionneÃ¢â¬â¢s statement, Ã¢â¬Å"CherÃ¢â¬â¢s main thrill in life is a make-overÃ¢â¬ ¦it gives her a sense of control in a world full of chaosÃ¢â¬ , which imply her superficial obsession with image and materialistic values.CherÃ¢â¬â¢s final ability to see beyond the superficial and realize her mistakes Ã¢â¬Å"I was just totally cluelessÃ¢â¬ is parallel to EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s reconciliation to society and its values. Similar to Austen, Heckerling reflects values that are consistent with any age and time- the absolute necessity for young people to gain social awareness. Socia l hierarchy in Regency England was permanent and immobile. It was governed by strict rules of adherence to rank and place, and was determined by birthright and inheritance. Miss.Churchill and Captain WestonÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage challenged the social hierarchy due to a large social imbalance in their marriage, and through authorial intrusion, it was deemed Ã¢â¬Å"an unsuitable connection and did not produce much happiness. Ã¢â¬ Austen demonstrates the virtually impermeable social structure through her criticism of the Coles and that Ã¢â¬ it was not for them to arrange the terms on which the superior families would visit themÃ¢â¬ , indicating that money gained through trade and not birthright, doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t indicate status.EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s high modality and contemptuous tone employed when she claims Ã¢â¬Å"the yeomanry are precisely the order of people with whom I feel I can have nothing to doÃ¢â¬ further highlights the inflexibility on class interactions. Finally, HarrietÃ¢â¬â ¢s marriage to Mr. Martin, a farmer, results in the loss of friendship between Emma and Harriet as stated by AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s authorial intrusion, Ã¢â¬Å"the intimacy between her and Emma must sink. Ã¢â¬ This epitomizes the clear demarcation of status and that Emma shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t associate with Harriet due to their differing social status. CherÃ¢â¬â¢s world also has a class structure that underpins her society.This idea is explored through the camera panning out to take long shots of the rigid societal tiers, whilst Cher introduces Tai to the stratified social groups at school including the Ã¢â¬Å"Persia mafiaÃ¢â¬ , the crew and the Ã¢â¬Å"loadiesÃ¢â¬ . EltonÃ¢â¬â¢s indignant tone conveys class consciousness in his rhetorical questions towards Cher as she suggests Tai as a romantic partner, Ã¢â¬Å"Why Tai?! Do you know who my father is? Ã¢â¬ Later, Cher is abandoned in a carpark by Elton, and the far shot of a blinking neon sign of a clown symbolizes societyÃ¢â¬â¢s mockery of her attempt to undermine a defined system of class.Clearly, class consciousness pervades both societies, especially in selecting romantic partners. Regency England dictated the position of women in society by strict codes of conduct. Primarily, women of EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s class were constrained by societyÃ¢â¬â¢s expectations of a match within their social class. Captain WestonÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage to Miss. Churchill is juxtaposed to Miss. TaylorÃ¢â¬â¢s, thus allowing Austen to comment on the female and male positions in society, in that women are meant to be passive and have less say in their marriage. According to Mr.WestonÃ¢â¬â¢s idea, Ã¢â¬Å"itÃ¢â¬â¢s being a great deal better to chuse than to be chosen, to excite gratitude than to feel itÃ¢â¬ , hence demonstrating the double moral standard prevalent in society. Furthermore, EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s sister, Isabella, is married to John Weston, and through authorial intrusion, Austen comments that Ã¢â¬Å"Isabella always thinks a s he doesÃ¢â¬ demonstrating a womenÃ¢â¬â¢s duty as a wife. The use of dialogue in Mr. KnightleyÃ¢â¬â¢s warning to Emma, Ã¢â¬Å"Men of family would not be very fond of connecting themselves with a girl of such obscurityÃ¢â¬ ¦[Harriet]Ã¢â¬ , exemplifies societyÃ¢â¬â¢s expectation of women to interact within their own social class.On the other hand, Clueless doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t offer the restricted patriarchal world of Austen as young women could be independent, outspoken and have many more choices, including marriage. The focus of the medium shot on Cher as she struts down the schoolyard in her vibrant yellow costuming portrays her outgoing attitude. The eye contact of male passerbys creates vectors and the comment Ã¢â¬Å"As if! Ã¢â¬ highlight CherÃ¢â¬â¢s disgust at their attention, exemplifying womenÃ¢â¬â¢s freedom to choose their romantic partners. This idea is reinforced by CherÃ¢â¬â¢s comment on DionneÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship, Ã¢â¬Å"Dee, you could do so much better. Contrary to Austen, Heckerling recognizes the change in the position of women in society in that they have more freedom in their social behavior and relationships. In conclusion, Emma and Clueless offer profound and satirical insights into their respective contexts. While the need for social stability and the need for young people to gain social awareness, remain unchanged, but the position of women in society has shifted dramatically. Such ideas are reinforced by the different mediums, both of which effectively reflect the themes and values of that context.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
In the real world, clouds form when warm, moist air is cooled and condenses into tiny water droplets, which collectively make up clouds. You can mimic this process (on a much smaller scale, of course!) by using everyday items found in your home or school to put a cloud in a bottle. What Youll Need: A clear bottle, mason jar, or another see-through container with a lidA dark-colored piece of paperHot waterIceMatches Warning:Ã Due to the use of hot water, glass, and matches, young children are cautioned not to do this experiment without adult supervision. Getting Started First, rinse your glass to make sure it is clean. (Do not use soap and do not dry the inside.)Add hot water to the jar until it covers the bottom by 1 deep. Then swirl the water around so that it warms up the sides of the jar. (If you dont do this, condensation may immediately occur.) Youve just added one of the key ingredients for cloud formation: water.Take the lid, turn it upside-down (so that it acts as a small dish), and place several ice cubes in it. Place the lid on top of the jar. (After doing this, you may see some condensation, but notice theres no cloud yet.) The ice adds another ingredient needed for clouds to form: the cooling of warm, moist air. Carefully light a match and blow it out. Drop the smoking match into the jar and quickly replace the lid of ice. The smoke adds the final ingredient for cloud formation: condensation nuclei for the cooled water droplets to condense onto.Now look for wisps of cloud swirling inside! To see them better, hold up your dark colored pa per behind the jar.Congratulations, youve just made a cloud! After youve and named it, lift the lid and let it flow out so that you can touch it! Tips and Alternatives For younger children: If you prefer not to use matches, you can substitute air freshener spray in step # 4. Lift the lid of ice, spritz a small amount into the jar, then quickly replace the lid.Advanced: Use a bicycle pump to change the pressure and see even more clouds.Ã Going further: Try using other sizes of dust particles. Design an experiment to determine the best size of dust particles to use. You could also test different water temperatures. Now that youve learned some basic principles of how clouds form, its time to up your knowledge. Study these cloud photos to learn the ten basic types of clouds and what weather they forecast. Or explore what the many storm clouds look like and mean.Ã Ã Ã Updated by Tiffany Means
Friday, December 27, 2019
In Animal Farm by George Orwell, when Old Major, a decidedly respected old pig, is telling the animals on the farm about what humans will eventually do to them, he claims Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËTo that horror we all must come Ã¢â¬ ¦ Jones will sell you to the knacker, who will cut your throat and boil you down for the foxhounds. As for the dogs, when they grow old and toothless, Jones ties a brick round their necks and drowns them in the nearest pond.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Orwell). His statement emphasizes on the lack of justice and liberty for the animals in the farm. As the animals trust Old Major, they heed his words and act upon it for the better. For a society to function successfully, the most important values are justice, liberty, and trust because they maintain an orderly andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They would realize the truth about their corrupt government and unjust society. With liberty, people can stand up for their rights and contradict prejudicial ideologies. For a society to progress, the people must have a say in it. Liberty has a significant impact on the operation of a society. An important value that can help attain liberty is justice. Justice, which consists of equity and tolerance, gives one what they need to be successful, and gives everyone the consequences they deserve. Where there is no justice, people are unfairly treated. While the European colonies were being built in America, the Europeans made a new social and economic system where the color of one s skin could determine whether he or she might live as a free citizen or be enslaved for life(pbs.org). Africans were kidnapped from their homes and set to work for the Europeans, and simply because the Africans had darker skin than Europeans, they were considered inferior. This notion was bigoted and immoral, and later led to issues like segregation, and one race unfairly having more freedom and privileges than another. The roots of American and European racism lie in the slave trade and colonialism, and our society remains affected by the past injustice today. Sometimes, authorities act as though they would like to establish a just society, while in reality , all they want is benefit for themselves. In Animal Farm,Show MoreRelatedAnimal Farm And George Orwell By George Orwell1034 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Eric Arthur Blair, under the pseudonym of George Orwell, composed many novels in his lifetime that were considered both politically rebellious and socially incorrect. Working on the dream since childhood, Orwell would finally gain notoriety as an author with his 1945 novel Animal Farm, which drew on personal experiences and deeply rooted fear to satirically critique Russian communism during its expansion. Noticing the impact he made, he next took to writing the novel 1984, which similarly criticizedRead MoreAnimal Farm By George Orwell1397 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAn important quote by the influential author of Animal Farm, George Orwell, is, Ã¢â¬Å"Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism.Ã¢â¬ George Orwell, a Democratic Socialist, wrote the book Animal Farm as an attack on the Communist country of Russia (Ã¢â¬Å"The Political Ideas of George Orwell,Ã¢â¬ worldsocialism.org). He had a very strong disliking of Communism and the Socialist party of Russia. However, he insisted on finding the truthRead MoreAnimal Farm, By George Orwell1545 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesallow because an this elite institution of people often use this gear to dominate and oppress society. In George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s story, Animal Farm, Orwell demonstrates that education is a powerful weapon and is a device that can be used to at least oneÃ¢â¬â¢s benefit. Living in a world where strength is a straightforward to benefit, the pigs quick use education to govern the relaxation of the animals on the farm to serve themselves worked to their advantage. This story in shows the underlying message that Ã firstRead MoreAnimal Farm By George Orwell944 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageslegs(Orwell 132). He carried a whip in his trotter(Orwell 133). In the novel Animal Farm by George Orwell, animals have the ability to talk and form their own ethos, Animalism. Animal Farm is an intriguing allegory by George Orwell, who is also th e author of 1984, includes many enjoyable elements. More knowledge of the author, his use of allegorical elements, themes, symbols, and the significance in the real world, allows the reader to get more out of this glance into the future. George OrwellRead MoreAnimal Farm, By George Orwell876 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesrebellious animals think no man means freedom and happiness, but they need to think again. The animals of Manor Farm rebel against the farm owner, Mr. Jones, and name it Animal Farm. The animals create Animalism, with seven commandments. As everything seems going well, two of the animals get into a rivalry, and things start changing. Food starts disappearing and commandments are changed, and the power begins to shift. Father of dystopian genre, George Orwell writes an interesting allegory, Animal FarmRead MoreAnimal Farm by George Orwell1100 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction: Widely acknowledged as a powerful allegory, the 1945 novella Animal Farm, conceived from the satirical mind of acclaimed author George Orwell, is a harrowing fable of a fictional dystopia that critiques the socialist philosophy of Stalin in terms of his leadership of the Soviet Union. Tired of their servitude to man, a group of farm animals revolt and establish their own society, only to be betrayed into worse servitude by their leaders, the pigs, whose initial virtuous intentionsRead MoreAnimal Farm By George Orwell1538 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMecca Animal Farm The Russian Revolution in 1917 shows how a desperate society can be turned into a military superpower filled with terror and chaos. George Orwell uses his book, Animal Farm, to parallel this period of time in history. This book is an allegory of fascism and communism and the negative outcomes. The animals begin with great unity, working toward a common goal. The government then becomes corrupted by the temptations of power. George Orwell uses the characters in Animal Farm to showRead MoreAnimal Farm by George Orwell1175 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAn enthusiastic participant in the Spanish civil war in 1936, George Orwell had a great understanding of the political world and made his strong opinions known through his enlightening literary works, many of which are still read in our modern era. Inspired by the 1917 Russian Revolution and the failed society it resulted in, Animal Farm by George Orwell is an encapsulating tale that epitomises how a free utopian society so idealistic can never be accomplished. The novella exemplifies how influencesRead MoreAnimal Farm, By George Orwell1089 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Animal FarmÃ¢â¬ , the pigs as the farm leaders, use unknown language, invoke scare tactics and create specific laws, thereby enabling them to control other animals, to suit their greedy desires, and to perform actions outside their realm of power. 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